The foundation is the base of the whole construction, that is, it is the structure responsible for absorbing all the loads emitted by the building and distributing them to the ground. Do you realise that it is what gives support to the whole construction? Therefore, it is extremely important that it be executed correctly to avoid serious structural problems in the future. More than this, it is necessary to follow all the recommendations of NBR 6122, which concerns the whole process of execution of the foundations.
Thus, before starting any foundation project, read carefully the NBR 6122 to understand which are the correct procedures to be followed. By the way, whenever you are going to perform any procedure in a work, it is essential to follow the guidelines of the Technical Standards. In our blog, you can find summaries of several of them. Take a look there.
In this article, we will bring important information about foundations. Among them: what do foundations consist of, what is their function, what are their types, how to waterproof them and, finally, how to define the best type for your construction.
With all this information that I will provide in this article, you will be able to analyse and choose the type of foundation that best fits the needs of your work. Let's go?
What are foundations?
Before we get into the more specific topics, let's have a better understanding of what foundations are. The foundation of a construction is nothing more than a structure that supports the entire load of the construction. Therefore, the execution of any work begins with the foundation, as it is from this that the entire structure will be built.
Thus, it must be done following all the recommendations and stages defined by NBR 6122, ensuring greater safety for the entire work.
Choosing the type of foundation that will be used in the construction is also a fundamental step that must be done in the project, before the execution of the foundation. To define which foundation will be chosen, it is necessary to analyse some variables, such as the type of soil and the weight of the building, for example.
Since it is a great responsibility to choose the type of foundation and how it will be laid, it is essential to have the help of an engineer or a qualified team to carry out this task.